Ligament is a strong band of tissues which connect one bone to another at a joint line.
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) is a ligament on the inside of the knee connecting the end of the thigh bone (femur) to the upper part of the leg bone (tibia).
Injuries to this ligament usually are classified under sprain and depending on the severity of the injury is categorized as grade I, II or III.
Grade I: Minimal strain of the ligament fibers with no joint disruption and generally will heal with minimal protection.
Grade II: More damage to ligament fibers which requires longer period of inactivity and sometimes immobilization or bracing, still does nor require surgical repair.
Grade III: This is complete disruption of the ligament fibers and generally requires surgical repair specially if associated with injuries to other ligaments of the knee. On selected situations this may also be treated without surgery.
Injury to this ligament is usually caused by a blow to the outside of the knee such as in football or twisting injuries to the knee such as in skiing.
Depending on the severity of injury symptoms may vary from minimal tenderness and or pain on the inner part of the knee to swelling, limitation of motion and even knee giving way and instability.
Diagnosis is usually is established by physical examination by a physician and will be confirmed by radiographic studies (X-Ray) and or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
Treatment also depends on the degree of injury and associated symptoms and may vary from a short period of rest, application of ice, knee immobilizer or brace, crutches, rehabilitative exercises and as previously mentioned surgery and repair at times.
Return to activity and sport should be gradual and after complete healing, return of strength, flexibility and endurance.
Ligament is a strong band of tissues which connect one bone to another at a joint line. Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) is a ligament on the outside of the knee which connects the lower end of the thigh bone (femur) to the upper end of the small bone of the leg (fibula).
As with the (MCL) injuries to this ligament is also classified as sprain and depending on the severity is categorized as grade I, II or III.
Grade I: There is minimal damage to the ligament fibers and requires minimal protection for a short period of time.
Grade II: There is additional damage to the ligament fibers and require longer protection and careful attention to potential additional damages to the other knee structures.
Grade III: There is complete disruption and tear of the ligament fibers and usually is associated with other ligament injuries of the knee specially Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL). This usually require surgical repair and reconstruction.
Injuries to the lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) is caused by a blow to the inside of the knee or a severe twisting injury.
A careful physical examination by a physician (usually an orthopaedic surgeon) combined with radiographic studies (X-ray) and or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) will confirm the diagnosis.
Based on the severity of the injury treatment may include a short period of rest and rehabilitative exercises (grade I) to repair and reconstructive surgery ( grade III).
Return to activity and sport should be delayed until complete healing and achieving adequate level of strength, endurance and flexibility.