Knee reconstruction must be designed so that the desired functional and aesthetic results can be achieved using the simplest method available and with minimal donor tissue or donor-site morbidity.
What to Expect During and After the Knee Reconstruction
The surgeons have to prepare their patients before the knee reconstruction. The orthopaedic surgeon should give his patient a clear and vivid instruction about the entire process. There will be important orientation to be conducted in order to give them an idea of what will happen before, during and after the knee reconstruction. This will help the patients a lot when it comes to achieving a short period of recovery after the operation.
There are several points to consider after knee reconstruction. After the knee reconstructive surgery, the rehabilitation program will start in the hospital along with a physiotherapist before the patient is discharged. After the patient is discharged from the hospital, the initial focus is to start slowly, and gradually progress to more active physiotherapy later on.
When it comes to medications, the management of pain normally starts in the operating room while the administered anesthesia takes effect. The knee will be injected with a local anesthetic and the patient will need to take a medicine like Toradol. These will provide a great pain control within 20 hours. After taking the medicine, patient may feel discomfort which may last from 6 to 8 hours. If the patients experiences discomfort, a second dose of the medicine will be given eight hours later. Within 2 to three hours after the surgery, the patient can now get out of his bed and walk with the help of crutches and/or knee brace.
Depending on the type of reconstruction, full recovery to return to normal activity may take anywhere from 4 months to 12 months.