Small as it is, the cartilage layer that surfaces the joint of your knee is performing a crucial function, not just to allow joint movement but at the same time, it also supports your entire weight. Also, the cartilage helps in distributing the force during those repetitive movements with pounding, like running and jumping. It is for these reasons why the knee cartilage needs to be firm and elastic at the same time.
Cartilage restoration can be the best choice that you’ve got in the event that you have suffered from cartilage loss or damage because of repetitive sports, knee injury or any activities related to work. With cartilage loss or damage, you can suffer from different symptoms like catching, knee locking, swelling and localized pain.
ACI or autologous chondrocyte implantation is among the procedures that you and your physician can take into consideration as far as cartilage restoration is concerned. Here, there are two surgeries that are involved. In the initial arthroscopic surgery, several cartilage cells will be taken to from the patient’s knee and delivered to the lab. Within 4 to 6 weeks, these cells will be cultured and multiplied. The next surgery will involve a periosteal patch that is taken from the thick tissue covering the shin bone. This will then be sutured on the area where there is damaged cartilage. After that, those cultured cells will be implanted into this lesion in which they are going to continue in multiplying and integrating with the surrounding cartilage.
Also a new option for cartilage restoration will involve the artificial production of cartilage tissue through putting cells on porous scaffold material. These cells will then be allowed to grow on the frame, known as artificial scaffold, and this is where they will also form tissue. Once this artificial cartilage has been inserted in the knee of the patient, the scaffold that supports will then be slowly reabsorbed and the cartilage tissue will be the sole one to remain.
Cartilage restoration actually has two primary goals, the first one of which is to relieve the pain that is commonly associated with the different cartilage defects. The second goal would be to hopefully slow down if not prevent arthritis from developing.
Cartilage restoration is a procedure that needs to be carried out only by a licensed and trained surgeon in order for you to guarantee that you will be getting the best results that you are expecting for.
M. Mike Malek, M.D is a trained surgeon who has been performing cartilage restoration for over 15 years in Fairfax VA. Contact us!